Hemlock woolly adelgid (HWA) is an invasive insect native to eastern Asia that sucks sap from eastern hemlock tree branches and can kill a tree in 4 to 10 years if not treated. HWA can be identified by its white, cottony ovisacs on the undersides of hemlock branches, near the base of the needles. The ovisacs may appear alone or in clusters. Late fall through early spring is the best time to check hemlock trees for the presence of HWA. You can see them with the naked eye, or use binoculars to see higher branches.
Invasive hemlock woolly adelgid has been found in Mason County. Thanks to collaborative efforts between the Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources, regional CISMAs (Cooperative Invasive Species Management Areas) and regional Conservation Districts, HWA was located in Summit Township and Ludington State Park in 2020. Treatments were underway in 2020 to protect the infested trees and those in surrounding areas.
Treatments were underway in 2020 for the known infested trees and those in surrounding areas. This was handled by West Michigan CISMA thanks to grants provided by the US Forest Service.
Mason-Lake CD staff will continue survey efforts in winter ’20 – ’21 as was done last year on private property, local campgrounds, township parks, etc. to determine if HWA has spread to other areas of the county. If located, this will trigger a regional response to containing the infestation and working with the landowner to provide treatment on infested trees. We do not want this insect to continue spreading north!
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- Keep an eye on your trees! Look at undersides of branches in December through March for small, white ovisacs. If found, note the location of the tree and, if possible, take photos of the infested branch. To avoid spreading HWA, do not collect sample branches or twigs. Report the find using one of these methods:
- Use the Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN) online reporting tool or MISIN smartphone app.
- Remove birdfeeders from areas where hemlock trees are present. Birds may carry these insects to a birdfeeder where they can be picked up and transported by other birds.
- Be mindful of your hunting and camping gear, RV’s etc. If you are in areas with hemlock trees, just brushing against an infested tree could bring these insects along for the ride! Run clothing through a dryer and wash or brush off gear and vehicles before moving to a new area.
- Construction equipment could also spread these insects and other invasives. Ensure they are washed or brushed off before entering and leaving sites!
For a two-sided, pocket sized HWA and hemlock tree identification card please contact our office to pick one up. Great to keep on your fridge as a reminder to check your trees!
Please see the following resources for help with identification, information, and reporting options:
- Hemlock Woolly Adelgid: Invasive Species in Michigan - A short video with identification tips.
- Michigan.gov/HWA – website with identification, look-alike and quarantine information, maps and more.
- SaveMiHemlocks.org – website of the West Michigan hemlock woolly adelgid taskforce